Identification of the Pollen Grains Some Cultivars of Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.)

  • Amina Ahmed Yahya College of Education, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

Abstract

The current research includes a study of some characters of pollen grain for four cultivars of chickpeas that grown in Iraq during the years 2012-2013. This study was conducted in the Department of Biology at the College of Education / University of Mosul in 2012-2013 for certain varieties of chickpeas. These are the: Turkish, Iraqi, Moroccan and Indian. This study concentrates on the pollen grains that was taken from the mature anthers of the flowers which were stored in 70% ethyl alcohol that flowers were taken from the field. Each mature anther was taken as a soft or dry sample after it was boiled for 30 minutes and then placed on the watch glass and drops of sofranine-glycerine  dye was added. The pollen grains were swapped by a special dropper for each type, placed on a glass slide, and then a cover of the slide was gently placed on it, and examined under the microscope. The measurements were taken for (25) pollen grains and each cultivars   and the dimensions of each pollen grain were taken in the polar axis and the equatorial axis.


The results of this study indicated that the chickpeas cultivars included in this study were differed significantly at the level of 5% probability in many properties of the pollen grains.


It is clear from this study that the characters of pollen grains are important in the diagnosis and isolation of the four cultivars of chickpeas studied. It was found that the pollen grains in the four studied cultivars were triangular holes and grooves and noted that there are cultivations in form and distance in the Equatorial and polar axes.

Published
Mar 23, 2019
How to Cite
YAHYA, Amina Ahmed. Identification of the Pollen Grains Some Cultivars of Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.). Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الزراعية, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 3, p. 1-5, mar. 2019. ISSN 2664-0597. Available at: <http://tujas.tu.edu.iq/index.php/ph/article/view/189>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2022.