Identification of certain morphologic characters of some chickpeas cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.)
This work includes a survey of some morphologic properties of the leaves and flowers for 4 cultivars of chickpeas that implanted in Iraq at years 2012-2013. This work was carried on at the Biology department in the College of Education / University of Mosul. Certain cultivars of chickpeas were used including the: Iraqi, Moroccan, Indian and Turkish. This study included the length of the last internode of the stem, the dimensions of the leaf, the dimensions of the leaflet, the number of leaflets per a leaf, the number of stipule and the length of the flower peduncle.
The flowers study included: the dimensions of the flag leaf of the petal leaf, the Androecium System, the Gynoecium System (using the anatomic microscope and the compound microscope (the ophthalmic lens)) for 25 readings for each of the studied traits.
The results of this work showed that the chickpea cultivars involved in this work were significantly differed in many morphologic characters, including length of the last internode of the stem, the length of the leaf, the length and width of the last leaf, as well as in the number of leaflets found in the last leaf, the length and width of leaflet in the last leaf, and the length of the stipule. In addition; significant differences were found between the four cultivars of chickpeas in the characters of the length of the flower peduncle and the details of both of Androecium and the Gynoecium Systems in the studied cultivars.
This study indicated that the characters of the leaves and flowers are substantial in the diagnosis and separation of the four cultivars of chickpeas studied.